Traumatic brain injuries, otherwise known as TBIs, alter the way individuals perceive and interact with the world around them. These injuries usually happen due to severe blows to the head.
They can result in a range of physical and cognitive changes that significantly impact a person’s daily life.
When a TBI occurs, the physical consequences are often immediate and apparent. Headaches, dizziness and fatigue start to show up.
The brain may experience swelling or bleeding, leading to a variety of symptoms. Motor skills become worse, resulting in difficulties with coordination and balance. Simple tasks that were once second nature can start to seem challenging.
TBIs have a huge impact on cognitive function. Memory loss is a common consequence, with individuals struggling to recall events or information from the past.
Short-term memory could become worse, making it challenging to retain new information. Additionally, attention and concentration often suffer, leading to difficulties in focusing on tasks and maintaining mental clarity. The once-sharp mind may now grapple with a foggy and disjointed thought process.
The changes resulting from a TBI are not just in the physical and cognitive domains. They extend to the emotional realm as well.
Mood swings become common, with individuals experiencing sudden shifts from happiness to despair. Irritability and frustration may surface, as coping with the challenges of a changed reality becomes emotionally taxing. Friends and family could observe a shift in personality.
Maintaining relationships may become challenging, as the individual copes with the physical and emotional changes. Social isolation can occur as a result, with the individual withdrawing from social activities due to the difficulties they face.
TBIs exert a far-reaching impact on both the body and mind and can lead to serious feelings of stress. Recognizing and understanding these changes can assist both individuals affected by TBIs and those in their support networks.